Big Stitch Quilting Tutorial February 01 2017 12 Comments
Big Stitch Quilting by Charlotte Noll
I have been machine quilting for many years. My first quilts were hand quilted. When I had children, it was too time consuming so I purchased a sewing machine with free motion capabilities and never looked back.
As a member of the South Florida Modern Quilt Guild I have learned some new to me techniques. Several of my modern quilting friends were big stitch hand quilting using thicker threads. The guild had presentations on this technique, and I decided to add some big stitching to machine quilted modern quilts. It looked nice...very easy, forgiving and fun to do.
Then, Jen asked me to make a sample from her Mark Maker kit and to big stitch the entire 54 inch by 90 inch quilt. The supplies included lovely Sue Spargo Eleganza Perle Cotton threads and plain cream fabric for the backing. That made me nervous because my stitches on the back were never very even, but I decided to work on this issue and do my best. Happy to say I found an easy way to make the back stitches look almost as good as the front - keep reading and I will share what I have learned with you.
Materials you will need:
- Basted quilt ready for quilting - start small but don’t be afraid to go big!
- Quilting thread
- Thimble if desired
- Marking tools
- Small scissors to cut thread
My Current Project
While attending a Heather Jones Design workshop, I created a quilt pattern from an inspiration picture I took of stacked chairs. I pieced it as a mini and will big stitch it with Sashiko inspired stitches in a grid format.
- Choose thread color(s) to blend or contrast. Sometimes I do both. The thicker the thread the more it will be seen but too thick can be hard to stitch.
- My favorite is the Sue Spargo Collection - Eleganza Perle Cotton Size 8 - Solid and Variegated. Very smooth to stitch with and a beautiful presentation.
- Sturdy needle with a sharp tip is the best. My favorite is Big Stitch Quilting Needle Pack.
- Eye Size : Use the smallest eye of the needle that the thread will go through smoothly so that it doesn’t unthread easily or shred the thread as you stitch. For Perle Cotton 8, I use the smallest needle in the Big Stitch Quilting Needle Pack. This needle pack has 3 different sizes so you can find the best fit for the thread you are using.
- Personally, I need to use a thimble on my right middle finger to push the needle. I don’t care for a big thimble so I love this small sticky metal dimpled Thimble Crown. You can also use the Thimble-It sticky ovals.
- Create an outline drawing of your quilt and sketch the quilting design if desired.
- For no marking, pick a design and direction then stitch for free hand stitching designs. Echo stitching around patchwork or baptist fans are perfect for this method.
- Or use your favorite marking tool to create your design on your quilt top. Don’t mark the entire quilt at once - do a section you are comfortable with.
- I only use marking tools that I’m positive will not remain on the quilt top. Hera marker (makes an indent on the fabric to follow), chalk or masking tape (my favorite).
For Mark Maker I quilted interlocking triangles and diamonds. I used masking tape around shapes and then stitched inside the tape. To quilt interlocking circles I used a plate as the template.
For Stacked Chairs, I used masking tape to outline the grid sections and stitch lines inside each grid according to my sketch outline.
- To hoop or not to hoop? Some hoop the area they are working on. Others lay the quilt on their lap. I don’t use a hoop. If it is a large quilt, I spread it out on my sewing table to support the weight.
- Thread length. Cut a piece of thread that is enough for one shape such as the circle above. If there are no distinct shapes then approximately 20 inches is a good length - hand to shoulder if you don’t have a ruler handy.
- Starting Knot (quilter’s knot). Make a small tight knot by wrapping the thread once around the needle and guiding it down to the end of the thread and pulling tight. Bury the knot by entering the back up through the batting and a seam (if possible) so the knot is held firm. Pull the knot through the back fabric into the batting listening for a little pop. You might need to put your fingernail on the fabric near the knot to open the threads. Trim the thread tail.
- One Stitch at a Time
This is where I had a hard time...wanting consistent stitches on top and back without requiring the tedious work of separately stabbing down and then up. And by consistent, I don’t mean perfect. If a few are smaller or bigger that’s fine as those slight variations give your quilt a true artisan look. I usually piece the backs and want it to look almost as nice as the front.
Starting with the knot buried and threaded needle up through the top:
- Stab straight down into the quilt your desired stitch length. About 1/4 inch is good, but you will get a feel for the length you are happy with.
- This is the trick: with your other hand under the quilt, extend the needle much further out than the desired length of the back stitch. Then using your underhand forefinger and thumb drag the needle tip back along the backing fabric and bring it up though the top at the spot you desire. This will position the needle point exactly where you want it to create the stitch on the back. Pull the thread and look at the back to admire your work!
- Make one stitch like this at a time, but you can pull the thread every 3 or 4 stitches. I tried loading several stitches on the needle at the same time but never liked the results.
- There are times when you might need to stab down then up separately, especially if you are stitching through bulky seam intersections. I use the Wacker hammer to help flatten those seams if possible.
- Ending Knot
- Space out the last few stitches of a shape to be as consistent as possible.
- Stop with the threaded needle at the back with room for one more stitch.
- Make a small tight knot by wrapping the thread once around needle and guiding it down close to the fabric the length of the last stitch and pulling tight. Put the tip of the needle in the loop to help guide the thread into a knot at the desired place.
- Take the last stitch to even out the design and pop that knot into the fabric. Just to be sure it’s secure, take another very small invisible stitch at the end of that stitch and bury 1/2 inch of the tail in the batting trimming close to fabric.
- Repeat step #5 until the quilt is evenly quilted throughout.
Once you get the rhythm, big stitch quilting is relaxing and sometimes much easier compared to maneuvering a big quilt under a standard sewing machine. It may take more time depending on your quilting design, but it’s time well spent. Read the batting instructions for maximum distance between the lines of stitching for washing purposes. I washed and dried a big stitched full size bed quilt on the delicate cycle without a problem.
Still stitching Stacked Chairs at this writing. You can see progress and my other work on Instagram if you wish: https://www.instagram.com/kirkenoll/
Hope you enjoyed this tutorial and find it useful. Do you have any big stitch quilting tips to share?
About Charlotte Noll
Charlotte has been sewing since she was a young girl and made all her own clothes. She made her first quilt when she moved to Florida in 1980 and needed something for her king-size waterbed. She's been hooked since! Charlotte loves fabric, thread, buttons, and beads! She can't pass up a challenge or call for entry. Charlotte has made many traditional and art quilts but now her eye is tracking the modern style.